Face biometric technology is commonly grouped under the catchall phrase of ‘Face Recognition.’ However, there is a critical distinction between ‘Identification’ and ‘Authentication.’
Facial Identification technology aims to increase human efficiency, often utilised in surveillance settings to aid in identifying a face in a database or a watchlist of individuals. This is known as a one-to-many search. This use of Face Recognition for surveillance has sparked huge privacy and human rights debates due to a lack of legal regulation and grey areas of consent. Facial Identification is often undertaken without meaningful consent and provides no direct benefit to an individual; instead, aiming to promote a safer society overall.